Evaluation of Midtown Community Court in New York City

Group: National Center for State Courts

URL: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/NACJD/studies/2311?geography%5B0%5D=New+York+%28sta...

Description

In October 1993, the Midtown Community Court opened as a three-year demonstration project designed to forge links with the community in developing a problem-solving approach to quality-of-life offenses. The problems that this community-based courthouse sought to address were specific to the court's midtown New York City location: high concentration of quality-of-life crimes, broad community dissatisfaction with court outcomes, visible signs of disorder, and clusters of persistent high-rate offenders with serious problems, including addiction and homelessness. This study was conducted to evaluate how well the new court was able to dispense justice locally and whether the establishment of the Midtown Community Court made a difference in misdemeanor case processing. Data were collected at two time periods for a comparative analysis. First, a baseline dataset (Part 1, Baseline Data) was constructed from administrative records, consisting of a ten-percent random sample of all non felony arraignments in Manhattan during the 12 months prior to the opening of the Midtown Community Court. Second, comparable administrative data (Part 2, Comparison Data) were collected from all cases arraigned at the Midtown Court during its first 12 months of operation, as well as from a random sample of all downtown non felony arraignments held during this same time period. Both files contain variables on precinct of arrest, arraignment type, charges, bonds, dispositions, sentences, total number of court appearances, and total number of warrants issued, as well as prior felony and misdemeanor convictions. Demographic variables include age, sex, and race of offender.

Tags

quality-of-life, community court, Manhattan, New York City, city-level, local, NYC

Other Attributes
Sub-location
New York City
Categories
Sectors (Govt, Non-Profit, etc)
Non-Profit
Formats
PDF, SAS, SPSS, Stata, ASCII
Location in resource
N/A
Internet Available?
Yes
Has population data?
No
Mappable?
No
Updated?
No
Frequency
N/A
Year(s) of Publication
1992-1994

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